Dyslexia, literally means "difficulty with words” (from the Greek “dys” meaning problem and “lexis” meaning words or language). It is a specific learning difficulty which affects a person's ability to read, spell and understand language that he/she hears, or express himself/herself clearly while speaking or in writing.
Dyslexia is not a disease; it has no cure. Dyslexia is caused by abnormalities in the way information is processed in a brain which is often gifted and productive in many other areas. Dyslexia is not the result of low intelligence. People with dyslexia are unique, each having individual strengths and weaknesses. Many individuals with dyslexia are creative and have unusual talents in areas such as art/graphics, sport, architecture, electronics/computing, drama, music, or mechanics/engineering. They often display special talents in areas that require high levels of visual, spatial, and motor integration. Their problems in language-processing distinguish them as a group. This means that the person with dyslexia has problems translating language to thought (as in listening or reading) or thought to language (as in writing or speaking).